Building words with suffixes – part 1

In this lesson we have two videos: 1. Common suffixes, and some rules (a warm-up for the Spelling Rules Module!). 2. Suffixes and how they can change pronunciation.

 

 

Download your PDF Suffixes & Grammar Information Sheet here

 

1. Some suffixes do not change the meaning of the word just the grammar:

Suffix      Grammar / tense  original word Word with suffix
 –s       plural  computer  computers 
 –en  plural (irregular)  (singular)
 child
 woman
 man
 (plural)
 children
 women
 men
 –s  3rd person present  simple  write
work
 He writes
 She writes     
It works
 –ed  past tense /past participle(regular)  walk
learn
 walked
learned
 –en  past participle

 fall
eat
write

 fallen
eaten
written
 –ing continuous/progressive  study  studying
 –er  comparative adjective  small  smaller
 –est  superlative adjective  small  smallest
 –ly  adverbs  careful
slow
 carefully
slowly

 


2. Making verbs.

Some suffixes change the meaning (but the new meaning is related to the old meaning)

Suffix           example original word making verbs

 –ise

  or

ize

 terror
private
real
modern

  terrorise terrorize
privatise / privatize
realise / realize
modernise / modernize

  –en   wide
  loose
  sharp
  widen
  loosen
  sharpen
  –ate   hyphen
participant
  hyphenate
participate
  –ify   simple
  pure  
  just
  simplify
  purify
  justify

 

When you break a word down into syllables it helps you see the part of the word you need work on. (if you haven’t read the Building words – intro read it. it’s got an explanation about syllables.)

Look at the following words and how we break them down.

Check the suffixes – the endings of words in the following: (see the letter patterns in the suffixes)
–tion, –ment, -ly, -ture, -ing


Learning suffix endings can help your visual memory for what looks right. 

ture ad/ven/ture, fu/ture, tem/pe/ra /ture

ly  faith/ful/ly, grate/ful/ly,

ment com-part-ment, a/part/ment

tion de te ri or a tion, dec/or/a/tion, mul/ti/pli/ca/tion

sion ex/ten/sion, ap/pre/hen/sion

ing pre/dict/ ing, sig/ni/fy/ing