Building words with suffixes – part 2


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In Building words with Suffixes – Part 1   we looked some common suffixes and rules, and how we build grammar words.

In part 2 we’re looking at how we can build nouns and adjectives by adding a suffix ending. 


1. We can make a noun that describes people or things:

  suffix   verb or noun   job or description
  –er   teach
ride
bank
sprinkle
copy
  teacher
rider
banker
sprinkler
copier
or  act
solicit
conduct
actor
soliticitor
conductor
ist  cycle
psychiatry
art
 cyclist
psychiatrist
artist
cian electric
beauty
music
electrician
beautician
musician
ee employ
attend
train
employee
attendee
trainee
ant assist
attend
account
assistant
attendant
accountant

 

2. We can make a noun or verb into an adjective

  suffix     verb or noun        adjective
 –al   accident
monument
tradition
accidental
monumental     
traditional 
ary imagine imaginary
able tax
read
taxable
readable
(check out the -able/-ible patterns + rules)
ly brother
love
friend
brotherly
lovely
friendly
y ease
sun
noise
easy
sunny
noisy

ful beauty
forget
beautiful
forgetful
ish blue
self
bluish
selfish
less use
father
help
useless
fatherless
helpless

ous fame
nerve
marvel
famous
nervous
marvellous (AmEng marvelous)
(check out the -ous patterns)

 

3. We can make verbs and adjectives into nouns.

  suffix   verb or adjective   nouns
ation       

organise/organize
imagine

    organisation/organization     
imagination
ment

develop
arrange
achieve

development
arrangement
achievement
ness happy
kind
mad
happiness
kindness
madness
age bag
waste
marry
baggage
wastage
marriage

check out the spelling rules in part 3
Doubling up rule (video)
Drop the ‘e’ rule
y becomes i rule

 

Now try this exercise

suffixes & jobs

Add suffixes and make professions and jobs

There are loads more words you can add to these tables so when you see the letter pattern write them out and make your own building words dictionary.

If you’re not sure whether a word is an adjective, noun or verb then the dictionary will tell you at the side of the word.

Go to Building words with suffixes – part 3 the rules
Thanks to Oxford Wordpower Dictionary (a great dictionary)