through, though, thorough, thought

These words look very similar to each other and are easy to confuse and spell.

In this lesson and video we’re taking a thorough look through these nightmare words and though you might get confused keep your thought processes open while we work on how you can remember them. Phew!

Can you see the letter pattern they all have? –ough a tricky pattern to learn and spell. They also all have the thletter pattern.

In my other video on the history and pronunciation of -gh- words we learnt that these -gh- words are Anglo-Saxon words and were written with just an h and used to be pronounced like the Scottish loch. But then the French invaded and added a g to the h to reflect the ‘hard’ h sound. This sound eventually became silent or pronounced with a “f” at the end of some words. We leave the gh in there to show the origins and history of the word.

throughthrough spelling
It means in one side out and the other: go through a door, walk through the park, struggle through until pay day. We’ve also got throughout. He checks stock throughout the warehouse.

Through is the only one of the words that starts with t.h.r.- “thr”. 

We have a “thr” + “oo” a long vowel sound. We get it confused with the past tense of throw – threw. threw and through are homophones, which means they have the same sound but different meaning and spelling. 

through has it’s own pattern and sound thr like three, throw, throttle so the pronunciation can help with the first sound but then you have to learn the -ough pattern which they all have. Use a memory trick or use the Look Say Cover write check method the help with the learning of it (watch my video about this method).

She was watching him through the kitchen window.
Workers had cut through an electrical cable while they were digging.
He lay awake all through the night.using a particular system, service, or person
I heard through a friend of Caroline’s that there’s been trouble in the family.
be/get through: I tried to phone the mayor’s office, but I couldn’t get through.

There are tons of meaning and phrases for through click here and find out more

Roast the chicken until it is cooked through.
Work stopped half-way through the project when the funding ran out.
He was obviously a city kid through and through.
I’ve told Tom I’m through with him, but he keeps bothering me.
Let me know when you’re through with the hairdryer.
wet/soaked through: You’re wet through, child. Take off those clothes at once.

though spellingthough

Though means in spite of the fact that; however, but, and we have even though and although which is more formal

The sun was shining though it wasn’t that warm. Even though it’s small , the room has a spacious feel.

Though is made up of th + “oh” the ough is a short vowel sound “oh” memory trick – though doughnuts (Brit spelling) are oh so delicious u get hefty

Though we are only a small country, we have a long and glorious history.
even though: He went on fighting even though he was wounded.

used after an adjective: Poor though her family was, they would never ask for help.
Odd though it may seem, I never found out his name.

used for introducing a statement that makes what you have just said seem less true or less likely: I really enjoyed your lecture, though there were some parts I didn’t quite understand.

but: They’re coming next week, though I don’t know which day.

as though = as if: You look as though you’ve had a bad time!

Click here for more info

thorough spellingthorough

thorough – done with great care and completeness: Planners need a thorough understanding of the subjectIt would be great if everyone had a thorough knowledge of English spelling.
We can also add ly and make thoroughly.She examined it thoroughly.

through and though are pronounced with one syllable but thorough has 2 syllables “th ru”. It sounds like borough, Scarborough, Boroughbridge.

It’s like through with an extra o added after the th th o rough.

Come up with memory trick that can help with this word.

The key to a good interview is thorough preparation.

a thorough understanding/knowledge: She has a thorough understanding of the business.
a thorough investigation/examination/search: a thorough and painstaking investigation by the police

someone who is thorough does everything that they should and leaves nothing out: The doctor was very thorough and asked lots of questions.

only before a noun used for emphasizing how bad someone or something is: It’s all a thorough nuisance.


For more info click here

thought spellingthought

The last word is thought and is the most common word of the lot. It’s the past tense of think – I thought this was the end but it’s not. And also a noun a thought , an idea.

thought is made up of th + ort ( a long vowel sound) It’s like though with a t at the end.thought sounds like and is spelt like the others in the –ought pattern bought, brought, fought, ought, sought, nought. So if you can spell one of these you can relate it to thought. If not then come up with a memory trick.

Now do this exercise

though, thorough, through, thought

Type in or choose the correct spelling